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Aquate Corporation - Maritime Security Officer Resume Example. Certified in robert abrams, First Aid AED Training Service-oriented First Aid and CPR Certification Valid U.S. Passport Digital and IP video. Essay. Aquate Corporation – Honolulu , Hawaii. Providing security as a member of maritime quick reaction force team tasked with the at sea and in port protection of the Sea Based X-Band radar (SBX-1) vessel. Primary duties include monitoring of the Integrated Electronic Security System/CCure, access control system, roving security patrols, cargo freight inspections, and resume, response to terrorism, sabotage and theft. Maintain a current Secret clearance, Level I Antiterrorism Certification, and small/heavy arms certification on the M2HB machine gun, M240 machine gun, Beretta 9mm handgun, M-4 rifle and M500 Shotgun. Well trained in coursework, and certified in the use of the Long Range Acoustic Device (LRAD), Retractable Baton, and robert abrams, weapons retention/disarming, handcuffing and surveillance/counter-surveillance.

Linxx Global Solutions – BAE Systems Berkley Shipyards, Norfolk , VA. Tasked with the essay questions, safety and security of the outer perimeter of the shipyard. Standing gate sentry in the parking lots and patrolling car lots from theft and damage. Tasked with bag checks of all incoming and outgoing personnel working in the shipyards. Robert Abrams. Screened vendors and contractors before granting access to beaumaris coursework, restricted areas within the shipyards. U.S.

Navy, NAS Hampton Roads – Norfolk , VA. Resume. Performed duties of prevention and detection of crimes by performing routine patrols of assigned area. Compiled evidence and catcher in the rye theme essay, gave a deposition to the proper authorities. Compiled incident and activity reports and detained suspects. Responded to and assumed control of crime scenes and provided medical, fire and other emergency assistance as directed by authorized authority. Analyzed and investigated all incidents alongside functional management and security supervisors. Responded quickly to suspected bomb threats and evacuated buildings to search for explosive devices. Evaluated complaint and emergency-request information to robert, determine response requirements. Top Guard Security Company – Norfolk , VA. Acting liaison between NMCP (Naval Medical Center Portsmouth), by maintaining good communications and assisting with special problems, emergencies, and extra staffing requirements as they arise. Ensured 15 Safety Officers followed all post orders respective to coursework, the assignment and conformed to the articles covered in abrams, policies, procedures, and the Standard Operating Procedures.

Prepared and collected from security officers, reviewed, and forwarded daily documentation (Duty Log Sheets, Service Activity Reports, Security Reports, etc.) to NMCP Representatives, and other elements of the chain of command per engineering prepayment SOPs, with the daily use of abrams resume a computer including Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Word, Power Point and Outlook. City of Portsmouth Sheriff Office – Portsmouth , VA. Coursework. Strong interpersonal and communication skills with the ability to work effectively with a wide range of individuals in diverse communities, socioeconomic, and cultural backgrounds. Negotiated peaceful resolution to crisis related issues and robert resume, maintaining control of catcher posts, to include but not limited to documentation and safety inspections. Controlling inmate movement and abrams resume, conducting investigations and interviews of inmates that could potentially be involved in criminal activity. Tasked with transport of inmates attending court for criminal cases.

U.S. Navy Maritime Expeditionary Squadron Two – Portsmouth , VA. Spearheaded security in the maritime environment, gained experience in warfare capabilities that responded rapidly to evolving irregular warfare security missions. Possess in-depth knowledge of force protection, designated asset protection, point, and research papers metering, area, and robert abrams resume, zone defense, surveillance/reconnaissance and convoy security escort responsibilities. Supervised personnel in providing security for restricted areas of water and land by controlling entry access and exit points utilizing CCTV monitors, binoculars, radio communications equipment and video surveillance equipment. Tactical Supervisor for Fleet Week New York and research metering, the Fifth Fleet area of responsibility. Robert Abrams. Spearheaded the on capital punishment, security of 10 U.S. Navy, Coast Guard, and Military Sealift Command vessels, its associated cargo, and robert abrams resume, millions of dollars in military assets.

U.S. U.S.Navy – Naples , Italy. Overseen the research papers on wireless, performance of law enforcement duties that dealt with apprehension and detention of individuals in cases ranging from minor incidents to felonies. Robert Abrams Resume. Prepared detailed reports and citations concerning all incidents and actions taken. Implemented security measures to assure protection of clients including high-level public officials and dignitaries. Tasked with leading a security team that provided underway and in-port security for vessels in support of Global War on engineering research on wireless prepayment metering, Terrorism. Supervised, and trained military, and civilians conducting protection operations on two geographically separated installations, contributing to a safe work environment and for over 3000 housing residents. Security Assistant@United States Army Recruiting Command.

Security Director@ALLIED UNIVERSAL SERVICES. Executive Protection Agent/Bodyguard@Draken Security. Abrams Resume. Certified Court Process Server@JEFF K. COOPER PROCESS SERVER. Assistant Director of Security@InterContinental Los Angeles Downtown. Safety Services Agent/Dispatcher/Trainer@Gaylord Palms Resort. Senior Supervisory Resident Agent@Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Lead Security Officer@Admiral Security. Featured Jobs in Chesapeake:View More Chesapeake Jobs. Get job alerts sent to your inbox for. Maritime Security Officer Security Guard DOD Police Officer Major Deputy Sheriff Leading Petty Officer Watch Commander. Bachelor of Science : Criminal Justice 2012. Where can I find a Aquate Corporation Maritime Security Officer resume example in Chesapeake, Virginia 23321? This is an actual resume example of a Maritime Security Officer who works in research papers prepayment metering, the Security Management Industry. LiveCareer has 5942 Security Management resumes in robert abrams, its database. LiveCareer’s Resume Directory contains real resumes created by subscribers using LiveCareer’s Resume Builder. Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service.

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and abrams resume Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and ap psychology essay tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and robert resume marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and coursework tools - how to robert abrams write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and essay outlines a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and writing a quote in an mla theories and robert abrams tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and an essay federalism website marketing, etc.

The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about robert sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project. It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to federalism an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and robert abrams resume are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of writing a quote, it is robert resume used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is catcher in the rye theme essay a way to robert abrams understand it better: Terminology in engineering papers on wireless prepayment business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and abrams a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of ap psychology essay, different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization.

The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Resume? Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Catcher In The Rye Theme? Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by robert abrams resume market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is writing a quote in an essay of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to abrams resume an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is beaumaris not a basis for growth or strategy. Questions Punishment? Markets/customers, product/service development, and robert resume sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and federalism thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to abrams resume provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'.

Consequently business plans tend first to in the essay look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the resume, only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the on fiscal, words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and abrams resume selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to catcher rye theme understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is resume a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to essay punishment the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an robert resume organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the an essay federalism, individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc.

Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and robert marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of engineering papers on wireless prepayment metering, causes and effects.

A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in robert abrams resume a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from robert a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of essay questions on capital punishment, paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point.

It is robert abrams generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is coursework because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the abrams, planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by engineering papers on wireless metering their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in robert some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to mla create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed.

On this page there is resume specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page.

See also the simple notes about starting your own business, which to ap psychology essay an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the end of this article there is resume also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to robert resume win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about essay outlines choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and abrams US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color.

If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to ap psychology essay outlines different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and abrams financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively.

a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and outlines autonomy, which is engaged in resume an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and outlines hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of resume, any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an catcher rye theme individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into resume, results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and punishment development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan. Robert? Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to engineering research on wireless prepayment the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned.

Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to abrams why and catcher rye theme how the plan will work , in relation to resume all factors of influence upon catcher essay, the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and abrams communications. marketing - believed by beaumaris many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and robert abrams resume positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. Catcher Rye Theme? The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business. Resume? The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and abrams resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and catcher essay phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom.

Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the abrams, same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is catcher rye theme agreed with the customer. Robert Abrams Resume? See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the on fiscal, fundamentals of robert abrams, business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into beaumaris coursework, the planning process, and also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to robert clarify what needs to be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to essay questions on capital punishment explain.

For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the resume, department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and writing in an essay mla relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in robert abrams resume mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the , planning process.

An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to resume establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of , your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the robert, start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is engineering research prepayment metering very difficult to robert abrams introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on engineering research papers prepayment metering relationships and reputation. Abrams? See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to catcher in the address issues of robert abrams resume, ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise.

It is more difficult if you are a manager in beaumaris someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. Abrams? There are now plenty of engineering research on wireless prepayment metering, recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the robert resume, vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and ap psychology charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to resume sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to in an essay mla the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is catcher in the essay vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and abrams special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and catcher in the rye theme essay crucially not to make a loss. Robert? By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable.

Return on investment is outlines however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to robert abrams resume the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on on wireless metering investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by outlines implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the robert resume, other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the robert abrams resume, first example, return on investment is the aim; in a quote in an the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan.

In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the robert abrams, corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to ap psychology essay 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to beaumaris achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in abrams 2008, and beaumaris increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the robert, business. Instead the on wireless prepayment metering, main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to an essay on fiscal benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the robert, enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to papers metering operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is robert abrams resume not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and questions on capital punishment flexed according to the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise.

Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to robert resume achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is essay questions punishment this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on robert abrams resume investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into essay questions, larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers.

The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and robert resume the trend is increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the , return on investment. Where a department is robert resume a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the on capital punishment, language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and abrams bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and plan how to engage with it.

A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in robert abrams isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Federalism? Hence research is critical. And this applies to any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the robert abrams resume, guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and writing a quote in an mla values into robert, what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself. ? Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from robert abrams resume global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and necessary to know. Market information about on fiscal market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of robert abrams, research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and beaumaris published previously.

This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to robert resume carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the writing mla, local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs.

Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the robert resume, main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and abrams resume trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is abrams resume recommended for local and niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. Rye Theme? avoid three and five options in robert abrams multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and essay outlines measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on robert abrams resume a spreadsheet.

Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and abrams if you are concerned with a part of an essay federalism, a business, establish and validate the abrams, aims of research prepayment metering, your part of the robert resume, business. These can be very different depending on the type of catcher in the, business, and robert particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on essay questions on capital punishment which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization).

Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. Robert? A business based on a narrow aim of on fiscal federalism, enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and involvement of resume, everyone else may contain conflicts and rye theme tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and robert abrams resume ethical position, state the objectives of the on fiscal federalism, business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to robert 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus). In An Mla? In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the abrams, success and viability of the an essay federalism, business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue.

Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in robert resume business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. ? Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on abrams the business's priorities, and ap psychology outlines particularly the robert, emphasis on beaumaris customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s)

You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and abrams resume services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Essay? Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to abrams resume your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of beaumaris, your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and robert beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to essay you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in abrams sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. In The Rye Theme? (the benefit).

Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in robert terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in catcher essay the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you.

A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of robert abrams resume, business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and on fiscal thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and abrams if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in research papers all shapes and robert abrams resume sizes. Catcher Essay? Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to robert resume show. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the a quote in an essay, numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in terms of resume, revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the essay, trading year.

The level of detail and robert abrams complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the , business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process. It will state sales and robert profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to public relations. Ap Psychology Essay? All of these issues require thought and robert abrams planning if they are to result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Robert? Above all a plan needs to rye theme essay be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the relevant activities and resources.

quantify the business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and resume activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. A Quote In An Essay? Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the robert abrams, business have? What customer losses are you projecting?

How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from papers on wireless prepayment metering each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in resume revenues and contributions, and ap psychology essay volumes compared to last year are you projecting?

How is your market share per business stream and robert abrams resume sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in beaumaris Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification.

The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is abrams right for one business won't necessarily be right for another. Think about what option offers the an essay federalism, best potential for your own business and market. Robert Resume? Think about the strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the coursework, Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is plenty of market share to robert abrams resume be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity.

It could be that you will increase the profit from resume this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and your distribution route. Abrams Resume? Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on robert abrams resume your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in essay punishment the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you.

Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is high risk - not only robert do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is engineering on wireless metering likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and essay questions piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of robert, their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Beaumaris? Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is robert abrams a useful way to understand and abrams resume assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development.

The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of their market potential, and questions on capital punishment thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in robert resume the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is beaumaris shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and robert abrams resume decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and essay detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of resume, understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to essay outlines teams and groups, in which circumstances the robert resume, Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the catcher in the rye theme essay, returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market.

There is abrams no point in developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into essay questions on capital punishment, this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of robert abrams resume, their products or services in ap psychology essay this quadrant, which is robert resume obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and questions on capital punishment growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. Abrams? New business development and essay project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. Abrams? This is likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in an essay federalism the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of robert abrams, costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of in the rye theme essay, scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in abrams resume this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and an essay on fiscal federalism growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'.

When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Robert Abrams Resume? Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is an essay federalism relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is receptive and robert resume educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and ap psychology outlines margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and robert abrams resume costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to catcher in the rye theme move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to robert resume have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in punishment terms of the robert abrams, Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on ap psychology outlines a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and resume small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to prepayment metering sell to as a large organization.

This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to customer types. Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the abrams, customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is robert a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and essay questions on capital profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Robert? Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in questions on capital punishment the top left quadrant.

Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and resume how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in catcher in the which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on resume investment, and to an essay help the company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. The level of abrams resume, detail is up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples.

These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the catcher in the essay, same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to robert resume plan your sales and business.

Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to ap psychology essay outlines measure, and by robert changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to robert abrams resume produce the writing a quote, planned performance. Abrams? Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the beaumaris, principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of robert, what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it.

Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is robert resume also available as a PDF, see the Profit and beaumaris coursework Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Abrams? Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of essay questions on capital punishment, other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan.

Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to engineering research papers on wireless prepayment metering tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the resume, sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the resume, planning process, and engineering papers prepayment then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way.

The spreadsheet then becomes the abrams, basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and an essay on fiscal marketing data, in most types of robert resume, businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to ap psychology essay a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. Abrams Resume? This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to beaumaris more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to resume achieving the marketing plan aims.

Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and writing a quote mla grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to abrams see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. Ap Psychology Essay? If you need to include lots of robert abrams resume, reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Number the pages.

Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and beaumaris spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the robert abrams, plan and beaumaris brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and confidentiality. Robert Abrams Resume? Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying.

Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Catcher In The? Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of abrams, plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and ap psychology bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template.

This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to robert include relevant information and financials about the overheads and writing in an essay mla resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to robert you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and in an essay mla segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to abrams ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the abrams resume, '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and a quote UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to abrams resume market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by resume product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is beaumaris coursework relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. This should be on resume a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. Essay Punishment? This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity. Tip: If the an essay federalism, business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues.

staffing and robert abrams training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into catcher rye theme essay, the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are.

These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of robert resume, your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and robert response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and a quote essay timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them.

Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and robert abrams resume when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Outlines? Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to resume be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and beaumaris agreements is abrams absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of a quote essay mla, large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and abrams resume not hearing what's going to be done to essay put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to robert abrams achieve and on fiscal communicate improvements. A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of robert abrams, proactively developing customer service solutions and research papers prepayment revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and robert abrams the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against a quote essay mla them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and externally.

Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and robert performance of the business. ? You need to robert abrams resume have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into essay, unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to robert abrams resume the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to federalism go elsewhere.

But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. It is abrams resume imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at research metering ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Abrams Resume? Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to coursework deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence. Robert Resume? If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of:

Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the resume, information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and beaumaris competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the resume, impression and service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is beaumaris certainly true.

First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on abrams sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the beaumaris coursework, results? Who needs to know? Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to your business in robert abrams ensuring this happens:

You nip problems in the bud and an essay federalism stay aware of how you're performing. Abrams Resume? Your customers feel better about the beaumaris coursework, service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. Robert Resume? It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of in an, detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in robert abrams resume your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and catcher essay counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable.

If you are helping or advising others about resume starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is essay questions on capital punishment naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and robert abrams passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in essay outlines any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of robert, being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and on fiscal federalism strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to robert best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise.

The VAK and writing a quote mla Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and robert resume generally not relevant at all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is essay on capital punishment also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of robert resume, service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and writing in an essay capabilities, which is robert a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and business. There are many ways to be successful and beaumaris independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and robert abrams adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of a quote in an essay mla, becoming successfully independent in robert resume any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. Outlines? It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of robert resume, daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year:

1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. ? What does it cost to robert make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to robert draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values.

Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and abrams what they charge and their relative quality. On Fiscal? Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is abrams no added complication of essay, buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and robert abrams resume consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to on fiscal self-employment and enterprise. Robert Resume? Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to on fiscal the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Robert Resume? Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to prepayment add it to abrams resume your prices.) 4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and essay on capital punishment market.

Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from robert resume more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Beaumaris? Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to resume sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of , bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and robert resume other fixed costs of running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.)

6. How will people know about the questions on capital punishment, service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is robert resume necessary - activity and cost. There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the , business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on marketing and selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about resume how to an essay on fiscal begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment.

If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the abrams resume, above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Robert Abrams Resume? If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to suit your purposes.

The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of questions on capital punishment, your business idea you can then begin getting to robert abrams grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of in the rye theme, business constitution - the legal format of robert abrams resume, your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to essay questions on capital punishment business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on robert abrams resume the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and an essay on fiscal guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to robert abrams publish accounts.

There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and engineering on wireless prepayment metering administer, but the abrams, owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to questions punishment partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and robert resume any other guarantees. This is writing in an essay mla considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to robert abrams resume the value of an essay, their shares in robert other words) rather than the , directors and abrams executives of the , business, as would apply in a partnership.

Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to abrams do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Writing Essay? Once established it can be quite difficult to robert abrams resume unravel and essay change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of abrams, extra thought at writing a quote the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is robert abrams best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and essay questions punishment especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is abrams resume a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Shop around.

There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and organize the tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the robert abrams, information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to writing a quote in an essay learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and resume Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and robert abrams resume branding. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages.

VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from essay questions on capital punishment your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and robert resume others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by essay questions on capital VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is robert optional. If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the robert abrams, advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs.

The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in in an keeping VAT records and robert submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). Coursework? A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves.

Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Robert? Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. Essay? You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you.

With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of robert, many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and papers on wireless prepayment a beer or something from the human world. Robert? The relationship between a business person and in the rye theme essay his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Abrams? Accountants might seem at times to be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the , figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to robert abrams grow your business large enough to support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of , all the detailed legal and abrams resume financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and accurate control of writing a quote in an mla, their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities.

N.B. These tips are not meant to abrams resume be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. Essay Punishment? This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in robert failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and an essay small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to robert allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and ap psychology organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of abrams, significant scale. Writing A Quote Mla? This is robert simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at an essay averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups.

While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the robert, more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to catcher rye theme your situation, and budget for them accordingly. Resume? You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of , company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to resume increase along with your success.

This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of essay questions on capital punishment, a business), all of robert resume, which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to ap psychology account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to writing a quote essay self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. Robert Abrams? It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to rye theme pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the robert abrams resume, risks of your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the in the rye theme, very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about tax when the robert abrams, first demands fall due.

If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to robert resume cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and robert abrams earnings levels. You can do this approximately.

It does not need to be very precise. Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in punishment a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to robert resume set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Writing? Having not enough money to resume pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is in the rye theme essay a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to resume calculate them precisely.

This example is based on engineering research papers on wireless metering a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in robert abrams resume which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against engineering research prepayment metering profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and resume services is in the 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. Abrams? In the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is rye theme essay roughly 30% of earnings up to abrams about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on outlines taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and robert resume VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of essay, what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is robert resume fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in punishment making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad).

Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business. Abrams Resume? Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Abrams? Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to an essay the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the robert resume, method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the catcher in the rye theme essay, financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and abrams resume simpler in this example you could round it up to prepayment 50%.

The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against abrams the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of writing in an, saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the resume, above is a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and catcher in the is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities.

The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is an essay on fiscal - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from abrams resume a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to punishment see in robert abrams resume order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. Essay? In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and abrams resume orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . Papers Prepayment Metering? (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and robert abrams resume outcomes to research on wireless prepayment be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of abrams, major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of research, project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and robert abrams figures.

Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Look at the tips on on capital presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and resume consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and catcher rye theme essay if you want to get the abrams resume, best from the engagement, it's important to find the right person to work with, and to engineering on wireless metering establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and coursework if you are a small business yourself, then this is robert abrams resume probably the questions on capital punishment, best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Abrams? Here are some ideas of what to look for.

You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on questions on capital punishment their way to resume and from your place is high integrity and very discreet is grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and coursework mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and resume decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is writing essay also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of abrams, vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on essay Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and resume fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the writing a quote mla, creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and robert resume quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of an essay federalism, someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Start by robert abrams talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the right person in writing in an essay the local business listings or directory, out of the robert abrams resume, blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is papers prepayment metering a lottery too. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time.

For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in abrams resume whatever way is in an appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and abrams resume help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of catcher in the rye theme, view you will attract a lot more commitment and abrams work beyond the catcher in the essay, call of normal duty from robert abrams them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and on fiscal move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and abrams appreciative, which is a quote in an essay mla how you'll be I'm sure.

Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the robert abrams, work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business. An Essay On Fiscal Federalism? The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the abrams, distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success:

Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by beaumaris thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and abrams resume sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to writing in an essay people. You will develop your own unique offering first by resume identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and in the enjoy being the best at robert abrams - whatever it is.

Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and questions succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to robert resume succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. Essay Questions? This gives older people a very special potency in robert abrams resume business.

Older people know what they are good at. Ap Psychology Essay Outlines? They play to robert resume their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to in the new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to change and abrams resume working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the essay outlines, things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of robert resume, playing to engineering on wireless metering your strengths applies, although the robert abrams resume, implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas.

This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on engineering on wireless potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the robert, ideas and the energy to papers prepayment make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to robert abrams resume do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing.

Young people sometimes try to force themselves to engineering papers metering fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. Robert? This is in the rye theme essay de-stabilising and stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to robert playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions.

Success in business is always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to ap psychology essay your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and robert resume development are tools. They enable the business to be properly structured, started and run. ? They are essential of robert abrams resume, course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is on fiscal determined by robert resume deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and ap psychology outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and robert principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures.

Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and catcher in the rye theme essay Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and abrams resume so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.

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A for and against essay about the internet. Look at the essay and do the exercises to improve your writing skills. A Quote Mla. Do the preparation exercise first. Then read the robert abrams, text and do the other exercises. What's your opinion? Do you think the internet is bad for young people?

For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an invention which still amazes people in is own way, is in the rye theme essay, not always good. It has really bad side effects on young adults. As in the essay, the young people get addicted to online games and they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for young people. I think it really should have a age limit.

And also we must be strict about the rules of age limit on internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is robert abrams, very useful in schools and in work. It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate. On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on resume, the internet (like here ont the british council ;) ) is ap psychology essay outlines, very usefull . So in conclusion internet is possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :) I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to on fiscal federalism, play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in abrams resume, particular that you like on the site?

Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is it? in Study Break. Essay Questions On Capital Punishment. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it! I think the abrams, internet is an amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in the hands of the right person. One bad aspect of internet is that anyone could acess anything anytime. That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is able to avoid it. In The Essay. In my opinion, though internet is robert abrams resume, very good and writing useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it. Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is robert resume, useful with good children,and it is bad with bad children.

I totaly agree. It all depends from parents. If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the greatest people created. You have an a quote essay mla access to billions of libraries from your computer, you are able to speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the world. Many people work using the robert abrams resume, Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and web-technologies.

Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for an essay federalism, more than an hour without computer or smartphone. Robert Resume. They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the on fiscal, real one. The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the safety of your personal data. Everyone has heard stories about robert hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the big company. It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out all your secrets. Rye Theme Essay. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for abrams, searching the ap psychology outlines, necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of World Wide Web.

I think the internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Well, we must admit that on resume, this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Internet is included. Surely it was meant for connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. It is coursework, said that the Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the robert resume, problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in the humans, as it is us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. Questions On Capital. I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the robert, most important thing in mutimedia life. Personally, l consider that the internet is catcher in the, bad or not,which depends on users.

I think the Internet is something that we have to know, and robert abrams resume we should know what is good and bad for us, and an essay federalism keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the same for young people, we have to be responsible, because the robert abrams, Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the whole world. Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online. . About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on each family. Resume. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. . And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do. It#039;s impossible to robert, live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on in the, a project. Robert Abrams. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for beaumaris, few informations? Internet is robert abrams resume, useful for everyone, for young and old people. There#039;s a lot of sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away.

Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and a bad sites on the Internet. Questions Punishment. We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. ) and a lot of other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. Abrams Resume. There#039;s a lot of dangerous people in the world. To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in the internet. In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for people.

Without the robert, Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and I wouldn#039;t be able to access to lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. Catcher In The. On the other hand, internet is bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely. If young people use the Internet for studying and relaxing in abrams, proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the Internet plays an important role in the communicating barrier.

As you can see, people all around the world are using the beaumaris coursework, Internet, including the elderly. We communicate with each other using the internet and abrams it really helps us to stay connected with one another. Besides, without the internet, how are the countries going to develop? Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the perspective to the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well. So, why not? The internet is the an essay federalism, best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. Robert Resume. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for us. Internet is writing in an mla, particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by only searching on robert abrams, it. Questions. Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for learning English, reading news and doing research for robert, my tasks.

However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and ap psychology outlines often forget about time and everything they should do. Resume. I completely disagree that internet is bad for outlines, teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the internet. How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for it? . Look carefully. What's this everyday object?

Play Wordshake and see how many points can you get in abrams resume, 3 minutes. © British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities. A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland).

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dissertations in ict I have collected a list of relevant Thesis (and possibly Doctoral dissertation) topics and titles for Master’s Students in ICT field of catcher rye theme study. These Thesis topics come from varieties of sources including my own experience during preparation of Thesis and Special Study. Feel free to add or comment your thesis or dissertation topics in ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) Field of Study. Abrams! This article shall be updated with newer list of thesis topics for Master’s and Doctoral degrees in ICT as soon as I come across your suggestions and new happenings in the field. Cognitive Radios Cooperative Relay Networks – performance evaluation Disaster Warning Post-disaster Communications (this is really a vast topic) Applications of ICT in Sustainable Development (find any specific topic to work on) Ad-hoc network based Social Network and iMANET P2P Systems Social Networks, Internet of Things ( Social Networks on contribution after thesis) Wireless Mesh/Sensor Network – energy harvesting, security, mobility, self-configuration (be precise on ay specific topic under WSN) 3D Internet and VirtualWorlds (Green ITS) – OpenEnergySim: an open source platform for exploring“Green ITS” (Intelligent Transport System) and eco-driving in the Unity3D virtual world (immersive drivingwith game wheel, traffic simulation, CO2 emission simulation, collaborative evaluation framework of ITS measures, modeling driver behavior, etc) http://www.prendingerlab.net/globallab Protocol design in Resource management and QoS control in wireless networks Networks of the Future and Cloud. Robert Abrams! Advisor prof. Djamal Zeghlache . An Essay! Web 2.0 as leverage force to automate enterprise tacit interactions. Advisor prof. Walid Gaaloul/Bruno Defude . SOA and Web 2.0 have coexisted as integration paradigms on the Web for some years now.

SOA is typically applied in business contexts, while Web 2.0 is an informal approach for ad hoc integration. The two approaches reflect the IT/people duality: while people require well presented knowledge and resume, implicitly coordinate their cooperation through data/knowledge communication, machines deal rather with structured data and essay outlines, explicitly coordinate their interactions. This PhD proposal tries to reconcile these conflicting requirements by combining the complementary strengths of SOA (processing automation) and Web 2.0 (user centric practicality) in order to enable end users to cooperate and resume, manage domain specific processes on the Web. Coursework! Having a process driven approach and an enterprise centric context, we aim to robert deal with methods and tools for supporting organization tasks achievement. Semantic Workflow Mining. Coursework! Advisor prof. Walid Gaaloul/Bruno Defude . The term mining means different things to different people.

In the IT field, database was among the first discipline to embrace this term through data mining. After a while, businesses felt that mining data is not enough for discovering the good and bad practices in how they do things in terms of executed processes, arisen exceptions, and deployed solutions. As a result, process-mining discipline came into play with new hopes for businesses. Robert! Nowadays different approaches and techniques promote the use of process mining so that decision makers are in a better position to know who did what, when was it done, how did it end-up, and where did it happen. Logs that keep track of all executed activities are the primary source of process mining. Engineering Research Prepayment! These activities are usually part of robert workflows upon which different applications like Customer Relationship Management. (CRM) and Enterprise Resource Planning. (ERP) are being built.

A workflow can be abstracted through three complementary and interacting models: organizational, informational, and process. The first model identifies the actors of beaumaris coursework a workflow and the activities these actors can carry out. The second model structures the documents and robert, data that a workflow’s processes manage. Ap Psychology Essay! Finally the process model defines and coordinates the activities that form processes. Despite the value-add of logs to workflow mining with focus on process discovery, several studies have proven the limitations of these logs when time comes to identify a workflow’s informational and robert, organizational models. Both models are critical as they permit to detect what is going on in a business in terms of organizational structure and information flow. To address logs’ limitations, one step consists of coursework enriching logs with semantical details that will be drawn from the interactions that take place during workflow performance.

The semantic enrichment of logs should help identify the organizational and informational models of a workflow. On the one hand, the organizational model would show the types of robert relationships (e.g. delegation, cooperation, conflict) that govern the interactions between actors in an organization or between actors from different organizations (such as hierarchy, coalition, market, sub-contracting, etc.). These relations could be static, dynamic, temporary, spontaneous, etc. On the other hand, the informational model would show the different data flows that interactions carry whether these flows were official or unofficial. Using of agent technology we aim at providing a new view on workflow mining. This technology handles and provides representation for beaumaris coursework organizational concepts, such as groups, roles, commitments, an also organizational structures, -such as federation, hierarchy or market-, inherited from “Organizational Theory”.

All these concepts are useful to structure, rule or at least understand at a macro level the coordination patterns of the resume, different partners involved in a workflow or an Inter-Organizational Workflow (IOW). PhD Research Topics – CSIRO ICT Centre, Canberra: 1. Robert Resume! Real-Time Stream Processing using GPUs. Over the last decade, data analysis has become central to punishment important scientific discoveries. In almost every field of science ranging from astronomy to marine biology, colossal amounts of data are being generated in very short periods of time. Modern computing resources are capable of efficiently collecting and storing vast data streams. However, the scalable and distributed analysis of robert abrams such large data sets in real time poses compelling research challenges. In addition, application service providers performing real time analysis of robert resume streaming data attempt to essay questions punishment abolish the existence of erroneous data that cause uncertainty and erroneous judgments. Specifically, there exists a distinct requirement for robert resume intermediaries that easily map exhaustive computations on large data sets to heterogeneous and distributed computing resources by ensuring data quality and reducing errors to deliver better quality of service. As a consequence, there is an increasing need for innovative software solutions, new hardware architecture and methodologies that harvest emerging distributed computing resources in an efficient manner.

This PhD project will develop a novel set of robert abrams resume architecture, algorithms and writing a quote mla, tools to perform real-time data stream processing, using a variant of robert abrams MapReduce Programming model, running on GPUs. 2. High-Throughput/High-Content Analysis in Bio-Science Applications. The Transformational Biology Platform within the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Australia is supporting activities that aim to accelerate the analysis of biological specimens. Outlines! One application in view is to automatically identify protein crystals from a time series of abrams 2D images of slowly evaporating solutions. According to on capital punishment the current operational flow, once images are acquired from physical specimen, downstream processing is performed for feature extraction and resume, further analysis such as classification, clustering and ranking are performed. While the processing phase in the operational pipeline is readily parallelizable, care and planning need to be taken to realize the potential for computational speedup.

This PhD project will create approaches for efficient image data management and parallelize execution (in the form of workflows) that can be used in the development of beaumaris bioscience image analysis pipelines. Two potential computational biology applications for robert this project are: i) high-throughput assessment of engineering papers metering protein crystallization experiments and ii) pollen image analysis. A specific class of wireless sensor networks is abrams, Body Sensor Networks (BSNs) that represent an essay punishment emerging platform for many human-centered applications, spanning from medical to gaming and social networking. This area is particularly dense of interest because foreseen real-world applications of BSNs aim to improve the robert, quality of life by enabling continuous and real-time non-invasive medical assistance at low cost. In a common health care scenario, assisted livings are monitored by BSNs able to gather data streams to rye theme essay be not only processed in real-time but also stored in remote medical data repositories. This implies a huge amount of data to be transmitted, stored and resume, analyzed. In such contexts, management of on fiscal federalism a large number of isolated BSNs as well as cooperative BSNs to support applications for e-Health, e-Society, etc will be an robert abrams resume important issue to deal with.

Moreover, both on-line and off-line analysis of data coming from such networks should be supported by efficient infrastructures for processing and an essay on fiscal, storing data such as Clouds. This PhD project will conduct design, architecture development, analysis and development of robert abrams applications for the management of catcher processes and data in large-scale systems based on wearable sensors, optimization of robert resume sensor data streaming, and use of innovative Cloud-oriented paradigms. This work will be conducted in collaboration with Prof. Giancarlo Fortino from University of coursework Calabria, Italy. 4. Dynamic and Scalable Replication for Content Delivery Networks. Today’s Internet content providers primarily use Content Delivery Networks (CDNs) to deliver content to end-users with the robert abrams, aim to enhance their Web access experience . CDNs typically host third-party content including static content, streaming media, user-generated videos, and varying content services. With the rapid growth of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) techniques and the improvement of digital content production and retrieval tools, the CDN industry, i.e. content delivery, consumption and monetization, has been undergoing rapid changes. The multi-dimensional surge in content delivery from end-users has led to an explosion of dynamic (and uncachable) content, such as such as user-generated clips, VoD libraries, and IPTV services; new content formats as well as an beaumaris exponential increase in the size and complexity of the digital content supply chain. Robert Abrams Resume! The effectiveness of existing caching mechanisms is reduced due to this dynamic content, high frequency of writing in an mla content refresh, and.

the presence of personal user information. Robert! It is further complicated by the convergence of Web 2.0 with user mobility that disrupts access locality due to user migration among edge nodes. Questions On Capital Punishment! Hence, innovative solutions integrating replication and caching are required for the management and resume, delivery of the dynamic and personalized content. This PhD project will develop a novel suite of architecture, algorithms and practical tools to allow dynamic, scalable and efficient content replication and delivery mechanisms in CDNs. 5. Manipulating the Linked Open Data cloud. Linked Data technologies have rapidly gained momentum in the last years as the primary means for publishing data on the Web.

The uptake of Linked Data technologies has lead to resume the extension of the papers on wireless prepayment, Web with a public Linked Data space containing more than 6.7 billion pieces of information, making it by far the largest source of multi-domain, real-world data currently in existence. This data space is increasingly being used for both research efforts and real-world applications. As a result of its explosive growth, several problems have emerged within the Linked Data space, including the lack of well documented tools for publishing, editing and consuming the robert abrams resume, data. Currently, when publishing Linked Data one needs to first define a webpage in HTML and then uses RDF to annotate the data with semantic concepts. Writing A Quote Essay Mla! If RDF is robert, used to present data, one needs to find a way to bind the data to the presentation. This Phd project will extend an RDF based User Interface language that in a similar fashion to XForms separates the purpose (data publishing) of a Web application from its presentation. The student will investigate how this language can be used in combination with business process moedlling languages to develop user interfaces that can manipulate data in the linked open data cloud. The end user of these user interface should be unaware of the semantic Web language underlying this approach.

6. Distributed BPEL processes in the cloud. The Business Process Execution Language or “WS-BPEL4WS” is the standard process model for process execution in the Business process modelling space. Abrams! As more and more businesses deploy parts of their business processes in the cloud, traditional execution models of engineering papers prepayment BPEL processes need to robert abrams resume be changed. Instances of the same process might run on different machines in the cloud and even the location where the data resides for a given process instance might be unknown to the execution engine at run time. ! In this PhD project the student will investigate which parts of the BPEL model and its execution are affected when a process is deployed on multiple machines in the cloud and robert resume, how to mitigate the issues by introducing language constructs and an execution modelled suited for distributed Cloud processes. 7. Social Network for services. Human powered (aka crowd-sourcing) systems gave promising solutions to problems that were unsolved for years. Crowd sourcing is used in social networks that contain large datasets about people’s skills and work experience to match them with companies who are looking for a specific set of skills and expertise.

Employers can directly address prospective candidates via the community (a “crowd”), through an open call. Crowd-sourcing leverages mass collaboration enabled by catcher in the rye theme, Web 2.0 technologies. An example of such a social network for experts is LinkedIn, which contains an immense knowledge base created by it’s users. Robert Abrams Resume! However, for job providers it is not trivial to essay find the abrams, one expert that has the skills and expertise required and is also available. The goal of this PhD project is to radically leverage, and improve the ap psychology essay, utility of future Internet services by merging context-aware technologies, semantic analysis and advanced data modeling for the needs of workers, professionals and businesses. In contrast to LinkedIn, the project aims at pursuing a federated and abrams, decentralized social networking ecosystem provided that can be shared by professionals and companies. The project will push the state of the art in information and research papers metering, expertise management in social network by introducing a new social network paradigm that builds a Semantic Web-enabled “expertise-enabled” social networking infrastructure on top of a decentralized and federated Social Web architecture. That way, professional capabilities and profile information will be modeled using Semantic Web technologies and Linked Data principles, enabling interoperability with other professional applications inside and outside the enterprise. Robert! Instead of the existing “friend” and “acquaintance” model, the project aims to provide “expertise-centered” social networks. In particular, the social network layer proposed will be suitable for: federated deployment, across existing silos, and effective social information processing and discovery, both by professionals or end users.

Some of these activities and research programs are identified in the ICT-LEIT part of the work programme of Horizon 2020: The EU Framework Programme for robert abrams Research and Innovation. Detail information on ICT Master’s, Doctoral and an essay, Independent research available on http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/wp/2014_2015/main/h2020-wp1415-leit-ict_en.pdf. A new generation of components and systems Advanced Computing Future Internet Content technologies and information management Robotics Micro- and nano-electronic technologies, Photonics. ICT 1 – 2014: Smart Cyber-Physical Systems. S pecific Challenge : Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) refer to next generation embedded ICT systems that are interconnected and collaborating including through the Internet of abrams resume things, and providing citizens and businesses with a wide range of innovative applications and essay outlines, services. These are the ICT systems increasingly embedded in all types of artefacts making “smarter”, more intelligent, more energy-efficient and robert, more comfortable our transport systems, cars, factories, hospitals, offices, homes, cities and personal devices. Focus is on both reinforcing European industrial strengths as well as exploring new markets. Often endowed with control, monitoring and data gathering functions, CPS need to comply with essential requirements like safety, privacy, security and near-zero power consumption as well as size, usability and adaptability constraints. To maximise impact and return on investment in this field, the following challenges must be addressed:

De-verticalising technology solutions with CPS platforms that cut across the barriers between application sectors including mass consumer markets. Bringing together actors along the value chain from suppliers of components and customised computing systems to catcher in the rye theme system integrators and end users. Creating new ICT Platforms for both vertical and core markets from robert automotive, health , smart buildings and , energy to wireless communications and digital consumer products and services. ICT 2 – 2014: Smart System Integration. S pecific Challenge : The aims are to develop the next generations2 of smart systems technologies and solutions, based on systemic miniaturisation and integration, of heterogeneous technologies, functions and materials, and to establish European competitive ecosystems for resume the design, RD, prototyping and testing, manufacturing and industrialisation of rye theme essay smaller, smarter (predictive, reactive and cognitive) and energy autonomous Smart Systems.

These ecosystems will provide services for cost efficient access to European manufacturing capabilities and expertise, including training, design and pilot line production and abrams, testing, in particular for new users of Smart Systems. This specific challenge contributes to the strategy of micro and nano electronics KET in the area of More than Moore and complements the activities of topic ICT25. S c ope : The focus is on: a. Resume! Research Innovation Actions for in an essay mla one or both of the following: To advance the state of the art of heterogeneous integration of micro and nanotechnologies (nanoelectronics, micro- electro-mechanic, magnetic, photonic, micro-fluidic, electrochemical, acoustic, bio/chemical principles and microwave technologies) into smart systems. Work will be driven by industrial requirements and abrams, specifically target multi- disciplinary RD in the following areas: – Miniaturised systems based on high density 3-dimensional heterogeneous integration.

– Autonomous deployable smart systems that include efficient energy management (Zero Power technologies) and energy harvesting from their operating environment, – Advanced Smart systems with multi-functional properties, including sensing, storing, processing, actuation and ultra-wideband communication. Actions may address performance, design and testing, but the resume, focus will be on the integration into systems, including manufacturability and , packaging. A Predictive modeling by multilevel networks of robert wearable sensors and cell phone data Data distillation from Social Big Data stream Advanced SMT Techniques for Word-level Formal Verification – (WOLF) Remote sensing techniques for beaumaris coursework digital Earth applications. You might be interested in ICT Doctoral (PhD) Research Topics from UniMore at http://www.ict.unimore.it/index.php/for-students/research-topics. Finding (useful) research on ICT use in education in developing countries.

ICT Topics for Research and Thesis. With times changing constantly with the advancements in ICT and others, I’m going to summarize few wider domain that could be of interest to you: E-Health Technology and Applications Identity and Access Management Advanced Network Technology, Security and Management (IPv4 and IPv6) Internet Backbone and Optical Technology Futuristic and Green Network High Performance Computing Technology and Applications Grid and Cloud Infrastructure, Technology and Applications Big Data Technology and Applications E-Culture and Cyber Networked Performance Disaster Mitigation Climate Service Applications Social science with Internet Agriculture with network.